AGHLABIDS

AGHLABIDS (known as Banū al-Aghlab), Arab Muslim dynasty that ruled Ifriqiyya (modern-day tunisia and eastern algeria ) from 800 to 909. Its rulers were princes commonly referred to as amīrs. It was subject to the abbasid caliphs of Baghdad but was in fact independent. The capital city was Kairouan (al-Qayrawān) in Tunisia. During the ninth century Kairouan civilization flourished, its capital becoming one of the largest Maghrebi commercial centers. The   amīrs invested funds in public works to conserve and distribute water, contributing to the prosperity of their country. Their fleet was supreme in parts of the Mediterranean and their corsairs captured ships at sea. Captured persons and property were subsequently redeemed for profit. The Aghlabids also gained temporary control over Sicily, Malta, and Corsica. The data on the Jews of this principality are scant. It is known, however, that the Jews of Kairouan began to expand and prosper under the Aghlabid amīrs. They fostered and preserved intimate and strong bonds with the Babylonian geonim and the Jewish communities of Palestine and Egypt. A medical school existed in Kairouan. One of its noted teachers was isaac israeli , the physician to the last Aghlabid amīr Ziyādat Allah III. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: P.K. Hitti, History of the Arabs (1958); Nissim b. Jacob, Ḥibbur Yafeh min ha-Yeshuʿah, ed. H.Z. Hirschberg (1954); I.M. Lapidus, A History of Islamic Societies (2002). (Michael M. Laskier (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Aghlabids —    Arab emirate in North Africa (q.v.) that conquered Sicily from Byzantium (qq.v). The Aghlabids gained their independence ca. 800 from the Abbasids (q.v.), during the reign of Harun al Rashid (q.v.). Centered in Tunis, the emirate s powerful… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Ziyadat Allah III of Aghlabids — Abu Mudhar Ziyadat Allah III ( ar. أبو مضر زيادة الله الثالث) (d.916) was the eleventh and last Emir of the Aghlabids in Ifriqiya (903–909)He came to power after the murder of his father Abdullah II in 903. He immediately had all his brothers and …   Wikipedia

  • Ibrahim II of Aghlabids — Abu Is haq Ibrahim II ( ar. أبو اسحاق ابراهيم الثاني; died 23 October 902) was the ninth Emir of the Aghlabids in Ifriqiya (ruled 875 902)He succeeded to the Emirate on the death of his brother Muhammad II (864 875). Although he inherited a… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad II of Aghlabids — Muhammad II ibn Ahmad Abu l Ghasaniq ( ar. محمد الثاني ابن أحمد) (d.875), was the eighth Emir of the Aghlabids in Ifriqiya (864 875)He succeeded his uncle Ziyadat Allah II (863 864), inheriting from his predecessors a stable and prosperous state …   Wikipedia

  • Abdullah II of Aghlabids — Abdullah II Abu l Abbas (d. 27 July 903) ( ar. أبو العباس عبد الله الثاني) was the tenth Emir of the Aghlabids in Ifriqiya (902 903)He took over the Emirate after his father Abu Ishaq Ibrahim II was forced to abdicate after a tyrannical rule. He… …   Wikipedia

  • Ziyadat Allah I of Aghlabids — Ziyadat Allah I ( ar. زيادة الله الأول) (d.838), was the third Aghlabid Emir in Ifriqiya (817 838)Abu Muhammand Ziyadat Allah I succeeded his brother Abdallah I (812 817) to the Emirate of Ifriqiya. During his rule the relationship between the… …   Wikipedia

  • History of medieval Tunisia — The present day Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyyah at Tunisiyyah , has over ten million citizens, almost all of Arab Berber descent. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and east, Libya to the southeast, and Algeria to the west. Tunis is the… …   Wikipedia

  • North Africa — North African. the northern part of Africa, esp. the region north of the tropical rain forest and comprised of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and that part of Egypt west of the Gulf of Suez. * * * Introduction       region of Africa comprising …   Universalium

  • Abbasid Caliphate — For the Caliphate of Córdoba (Al Andalus) dynasty see Abbadids; for the southwest Arabia Islamic sect, see Abādites. Abbasid Caliphate الخلافة العباسية al khilāfah al ‘abbāsīyyah …   Wikipedia

  • Aghlabid — The Aghlabid dynasty of emirs, members of the Arab tribe of Bani Tamim, ruled Ifriqiya (northern Africa), nominally on behalf of the Abbasid Caliph, for about a century, until overthrown by the new power of the Fatimids.In 800, the Abbasid Caliph …   Wikipedia

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